This flexible unit is based on the Year 5 Australian Curriculum HASS Civics and Citizenships Knowledge and Understandings. Students explore Australia’s democratic government, including the meaning of terms, the three levels of government and the current representatives. They learn about the core defining values of Australia’s democratic government, the role of the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC), and contemporary issues, including the citizenship saga and compulsory voting. Students prepare and re-enact an election. Law and regulations enforcement are explored. Students research community support groups, including those that provide support for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.

6 x 1 hour lessons
Cross curriculum
19x resources/worksheets
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Australian Curriculum - (QLD/SA/WA/NT/TAS/ACT)


Evaluate information and data in a range of formats to identify and describe patterns and trends, or to infer relationships


Develop evidence-based conclusions


Develop questions to investigate people, events, developments, places and systems


The key values and features of Australia’s democracy, including elections, and the roles and responsibilities of elected representatives


How citizens (members of communities) with shared beliefs and values work together to achieve a civic goal


Present descriptions and explanations, drawing ideas, findings and viewpoints from sources, and using relevant terms and conventions


Propose actions or responses to issues or challenges and use criteria to assess the possible effects


Locate, collect and organise information and data from primary and secondary sources in a range of formats


Evaluate primary and secondary sources to determine origin, purpose and perspectives


The key concepts in this unit include:

  • Students are introduced to the key values of Australia’s liberal democratic system of government, such as freedom, equality, fairness and justice (government and democracy).
  • Students begin to understand representative democracy by examining the features of the voting processes in Australia (government and democracy).
  • Students expand their knowledge of the law by studying the role of laws and law enforcement (laws and citizens). Finally, students investigate how diverse groups cooperate and participate
Learning Intention
  • We are learning to understand the key values that underpin Australia’s democracy and electoral process, including the roles and responsibilities of elected representatives.
  • We are learning to understand how people with shared beliefs and values work together to achieve a civic goal.
Linked Resources & Activities
Linked Worksheets